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An ice core is a core sample that is typically removed from an ice sheet, most commonly from the polar ice caps of Antarctica, Greenland or from high mountain glaciers elsewhere.

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Cores are recovered by drilling with hand augers (for shallow holes) or powered drills; the deepest cores recovered reach depths of over two miles, and can contain ice up to 800,000 years old.

Both the physical properties of the ice itself and material trapped in the ice can be used to reconstruct climatic records over the age range of the core.

It is not uncommon to read that ice cores from the polar regions contain records of climatic change from the distant past.

Research teams from the United States, the Soviet Union, Denmark, and France have bored holes over a mile deep into the ice near the poles and removed samples for analysis in their laboratories.

The ratio of oxygen and hydrogen isotopes in the ice provides information about ancient temperatures; and the air trapped in tiny bubbles in the ice can be analyzed to determine the level of atmospheric gases such as carbon dioxide.

Since heat flow in a large ice sheet is very slow, the borehole temperature is another indicator of temperature in the past, and these sources of information can be combined to find the climate model that best fits all the available data.

An alternative model of recent glacier formation following the Flood described in Genesis will be suggested.

The Greenland Society of Atlanta has recently attempted to excavate a 10-foot diameter shaft in the Greenland ice pack to remove two B-17 Flying Fortresses and six P-38 Lightning fighters trapped under an estimated 250 feet of ice for almost 50 years (Bloomberg, 1989).

By looking at past concentrations of greenhouse gasses in layers in ice cores, scientists can calculate how modern amounts of carbon dioxide and methane compare to those of the past, and, essentially, compare past concentrations of greenhouse gasses to temperature. Ice cores have been drilled in ice sheets worldwide, but notably in Greenland[3] and Antarctica[4, 5].

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